Dairy Export Potential in Pakistan is more than $ 30 billion annual

Pakistan is world’s third-largest dairy nation and major milk-producing country which has produced 64 million tonnes in the year 2020-21. Even though produces milk surplus, the country still ends up spending around Rs20 billion to import milk and other dairy products every year.

In Pakistan, approximately 80% milk is produced at small scale in rural areas, 15% peri-urban and 5% in the urban areas having a share as 60% buffalo, 36% cow and 4% goat, sheep and camel. Punjab has the largest cattle population, with 48 percent of the total, followed by Sindh with 23 percent, KPK with 20 percent, and Baluchistan with 7 percent.

There is a dire need to separate the dairy sector from agriculture ministry by allocating separate budgets for its development.

Methods such as artificial insemination and cross breeding can be used to increase milk production. Government-backed or privately run progressive dairy farmers should encouraged to import high-yielding dairy cows, super bulls and semen doses from the US, Australia, the Netherlands, and New Zealand.

Small dairy farmers living in rural areas should be financially supported through short- and long-term interest-free loans distributed through banking and non-banking channels for the purchase of high-yielding dairy cows, green fodder production and cow treatment.

The dairy sector is confronting multiple glitches like the illiteracy of small dairy farmers, milk quality, animal’s health, fodder quantity and quality, urbanization, and low milk production of animals. The average milk yield of the cow and buffalo is 14 and10 liters per day respectively. It is 5-6 times less than the developed world.

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